Mål 14: Liv under vann

Verdens hav – deres temperatur, kjemi, strømmer og liv – driver globale systemer som gjør jorden beboelig for menneskeheten. Hvordan vi håndterer denne essensielle ressursen er avgjørende for menneskeheten og for å motvirke konsekvensene av klimaendringene.

 

Mer enn tre milliarder mennesker er avhengig av det biologiske mangfoldet i sjøen og ved kysten. I dag ser vi at 30 prosent av verdens fiskebestander er overutnyttet og ligger godt under nivået hvor de kan produsere bærekraftig avkastning.

 

Havene absorberer også rundt 30 prosent av karbondioksid produsert av mennesker, og vi kan se en 26 prosent økning i havets surhetsgrad siden begynnelsen av den industrielle revolusjon. Marin forurensning – der en overveldende majoritet kommer fra landbaserte kilder – når nådd et alarmerende nivå. Det er gjennomsnittlig 13 000 plastikkbiter for hver kvadratkilometer med hav.

Statistikk

75%

Havet dekker tre fjerdedeler av verdens overflate og står for 99% av verdens leveområder, basert på volum.

200,000

I havet kan man finne mer enn 200.000 forskjellige dyrearter.

40%

Forurensning, overfiske og tap av biologisk mangfold er et problem i 40% av verdens hav.

30%

Havet absorberer rundt 30% av karbondioksid produsert av mennesker, som hjelper med å motvirke konsekvensene av klimaendringer.

3 milliarder

Mer enn 3 milliarder mennesker av avhengig av havet biologisk mangfold for sitt levebrød.

$3 billioner

Markedsverdien til hav- og kystressurser og industrier ligger på $3 billioner i året. Dette utgjør 5% av den globale BNP.

  • By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution

  • By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans

  • Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

  • By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics

  • By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information

  • By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation

  • By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

  • Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries

  • Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets

  • Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
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